Care of Encased Photographic Images – Canadian Conservation Institute (CCI) Notes 16/1
They are stamped “Neff’s Melainotype Pat 19 Feb 56” along one edge. Sizes range from one-sixth plate to full plate see appendix El. Many are found in gilt frames or in the leather or plastic thermomolded cases of the earlier ambro-types. Civil War Period: – Tintypes of this time are primarily on–sixth Plate and one-fourth plate and are often datable by the Potter’s Patent paper holders, adoned with patriotic stars and emblems, that were introduced during the period. After the paper holders are embossed rather than printed. Uncased tintypes have been found with cancelled tax stamps adhered to the backs. The stamps date these photographs to the period of the wartime retail tax, September 1, , to August. They “created a sensation among the ferrotypists throughout the country, and the pictures made on the chocolate-tinted surface soon became all the rage,” according to Edward M. Estabrooke During this period “rustic” photography also made its debut with its pastoral backgrounds, fake stones, wood fences and rural props.
Developing skills for identifying vintage photos
The term “case photograph” describes three types of 19th-century photographs that were generally kept in cases which were both decorative and protective. They are the daguerreotype , named after its inventor L. Daguerre; the ambrotype; and the tintype or ferrotype. Daguerreotypes were introduced in in Paris, France, constituting for some photo-historians the beginning of photography.
Ambrotypes and tintypes, made by the wet collodion process, originated in the s. Daguerreotypes continued to be made into the s.
Each one of your family photographs tells a story, and each one of your family A tintype is a photograph created on a thin sheet of metal. Tintypes I have a family history dating back to the ‘s in England and France.
Introduction : In this article, Mary Harrell-Sesniak shows how you can date old, undated family photos by first figuring out what type of photograph they are, and uses old newspapers and other sources to illustrate different types of photos. Mary is a genealogist, author and editor with a strong technology background. Do you have a box of old, undated family photos somewhere up in the attic—or maybe buried in the back of some closet?
Have you wondered how you were ever going to figure out who these family members might be, since the old photographs lack inscriptions or dates? Genealogy is a lot like detective work, gathering clues to make the pieces of your family puzzle fit together. Old, undated family photographs are pieces of evidence, clues that—if you examine closely enough—might yield some answers. By knowing a little of the history of photography, you might be able to solve the mystery of those old photos by first recognizing what type of photograph they are—which in turn will help you narrow down the date range for when the photo was created.
This blog article will help you do that. Evening Star Washington, D. It was created with a camera obscura, a device used by artists to project images on a wall or screen. After a long eight-hour exposure time, the image became affixed. Perhaps your family pictures are identified—but in all likelihood many are not, so narrowing time periods for the creation of each photo is important in trying to date them.
Some of my earlier GenealogyBank Blog posts provided other tips for dating undated photographs, including one showing how historical newspapers can assist greatly with photo dating by comparing the clothing of people in your undated photos to clothing styles shown in old newspaper advertisements.
It’s best to search for ancestors by entering one term in the search box below such as surname, a city or town, a county, a state, a country or a keyword such as England, Civil War, CDV, Minnesota, Pennsylvania etc. Pearce’s Algonquin Bon Ton Tent. Collection of author. A wonderful early advertising piece for the traveling photographer tent of W. Cheney tintype photo below.
date your old photographs. Below is a list of links to https://blog.ferrotype-tintype/.
Post a Comment. Being able to easily identify the approximate date of an old photograph is a skill I take for granted, since I do it all the time. Yesterday, after a friend posted something on Facebook, I realized that it is not a common skill. I looked for a good guide to identifying photograph dates for my friend, but I couldn’t find one I liked. So, with that said, here is a guide to figuring out when a photograph was taken using all Waterbury and Waterbury-connected photos, of course!
No photographs before the s.
How to date family photographs
He died aged in. The tintypes immediate predecessor the ambrotype was done by the same process of using a sheet of glass as the support. In a team led by Russell A. Della Portas advice was widely adopted by artists and since the th century portable versions of the camera obscura were commonly used first as a tent later as boxes.
Until the th century the camera obscura was mainly used to study optics and astronomy especially to safely watch solar eclipses without damaging the eyes. One of the first photographs scanned was a picture of Kirschs infant son Walden.
The NMAH Photo History Collection (PHC) has over tintype photographs dating from the beginnings of the process in to the present. ‘Tintype’ was.
Although not exactly like pictures we encounter today, tintype photographs set the stage for photography in our era. Tintypes began in when an Ohio chemistry professor Hamilton Smith patented the tintype image. Before tintypes existed, the two main types of photographic images, the daguerreotype and the ambrotype, were created by treating glass with light sensitive collodin. The process to create these images was expensive and difficult.
When tintypes became available commercially, photographers were easily swayed by the durability, inexpensiveness, and easier emulsion process of the tintype which led to the downfall of images on glass. Tintype images are taken on iron plates which are treated with an enamel to prevent rusting. Earlier tintypes are noted to be treated with a black enamel while later ones were treated with a brown enamel.
Types of Photograph
The photographs are all sizes. Some are obviously older photographs. Who are the individuals in the photographs? Are the individuals family members? Most likely, but if not, the photograph was obviously treasured to have been kept throughout the years. Who owned the photograph s before you?
A tintype, also known as a melainotype or ferrotype, is a photograph made by creating a direct Photographic processes dating from the 19th century · Alternative photographic processes. Hidden categories: Articles needing additional.
When photographs are passed down through generations of families, sometimes the stories of the people in the images become fragmented or lost. If you find yourself with a collection of photographs that lack contextual information, there are a number of clues you can look out for. The most effective way to date photographs is to combine historical analysis with knowledge of different photography techniques and materials through time.
Here at The National Archives, we have teams who specialise in both areas and in this blog, Visual Collections Researcher Katherine Howells and Conservator of photographs and paper Ioannis Vasallos share their tips. You can also look out for handwritten notes on the back of the photograph such as names, events or locations. Look also at sleeves — is there a puff at the shoulder?
Genealogy research: Dating vintage photographs by clothing & hairstyles
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Time period: Introduced in and popular until about But tintype photo studios were still around into the early s as a novelty. Identifying.
DATE AN OLD PHOTOGRAPH
Dating old photographs provides clues to identifying your ancestors in the old family photos. The type of photo indicates the date a photo was taken. Our children today grow up being photographed almost daily. Point a camera at a young child and they automatically smile.
Then, you get to the most interesting photographs – the tintypes, the cabinet cards, and the carte-de-visite (CDV) photographs. These are the.
Identifying an old photo isn’t as hard as you would think it would be. There are a few easy ways to identify old photos given how fast the photographic processes changed during the late s and early s. Here’s quick guide on How to Date Old Photos for photos from the ‘s – For more recent photos, you’ll need to rely on clues from the photo itself:.
Its popularity peaked in period from , and began to wane in the following years. The process involved polishing a sheet of silver-plated copper, treating it with fumes, and exposing it to a camera to fix the image to the metal — this resulted in an image that appears to be fixed on to a mirror.
Lady Holding Tintype
A tintype , also known as a melainotype or ferrotype , is a photograph made by creating a direct positive on a thin sheet of metal coated with a dark lacquer or enamel and used as the support for the photographic emulsion. Tintypes enjoyed their widest use during the s and s, but lesser use of the medium persisted into the early 20th century and it has been revived as a novelty and fine art form in the 21st.
Tintype portraits were at first usually made in a formal photographic studio, like daguerreotypes and other early types of photographs, but later they were most commonly made by photographers working in booths or the open air at fairs and carnivals , as well as by itinerant sidewalk photographers. Because the lacquered iron support there is no actual tin used was resilient and did not need drying, a tintype could be developed and fixed and handed to the customer only a few minutes after the picture had been taken.
Tintype: Early image on a thin iron plate resembling tin. By far These metal and glass photographs were the dominant form of photography until albumen prints. The glass plates do not bear dating marks as with the Daguerreotype plates.
This copy is for your personal non-commercial use only. Q: While cleaning out an old farmhouse in the Lucknow, Ont. It’s only about 10 by six centimetres four by 2. I was told by an elderly relative that the man seated on the right is Sir Richard Burton, the English explorer who was stationed in India early in his career. A: The ultimate question is determining value here is whether this is really Sir Richard Francis Burton.
In addition to being an English explorer, Sir Richard Burton was also a soldier, author and linguist. It’s said he could actually speak 35 languages and that he translated into English the entire Arabian Nights , a collection of Arabian folk tales. Tintypes, which are actually made of iron not tin, were invented in the United States in and sometimes hand-coloured like this one.
Historical tintypes are very tricky items to appraise so I contacted Edward Garcia, a British expert on military photographs. He doesn’t think this is Sir Burton, for a number of reasons. Firstly, Burton’s military service occurred before this style of uniform was used. Secondly, Burton would have been older than the man in the photograph by the time tintypes were invented.